Languages by Countries

Languages By Countries

Use this listing to find the most probable language in the event that you are not certain of the language you need, but know the country of origin. (This information is from CIA website www.cia.gov)

#CountryLanguages (%)
1AfghanistanAfghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
2AkrotiriEnglish, Greek
3AlbaniaAlbanian (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek, Vlach, Romani, Slavic dialects
4AlgeriaArabic (official), French, Berber dialects
5American SamoaSamoan 90.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 2.9%, Tongan 2.4%, other Pacific islander 2.1%, other 2%
6AndorraCatalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
7AngolaPortuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
8AnguillaEnglish (official)
9Antigua and BarbudaEnglish (official), local dialects
10ArgentinaSpanish (official), Italian, English, German, French
11ArmeniaArmenian (official) 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census)
12ArubaPapiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)
13AustraliaEnglish 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% (2006 Census)
14AustriaGerman (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)
15AzerbaijanAzerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 90.3%, Lezgi 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified 1% (1999 census)
16Bahamas, TheEnglish (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
17BahrainArabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu
18BangladeshBangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
19BarbadosEnglish
20BelarusBelarusian (official) 36.7%, Russian (official) 62.8%, other 0.5% (includes small Polish- and Ukrainian-speaking minorities) (1999 census)
21BelgiumDutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%, legally bilingual (Dutch and French)
22BelizeSpanish 46%, Creole 32.9%, Mayan dialects 8.9%, English 3.9% (official), Garifuna 3.4% (Carib), German 3.3%, other 1.4%, unknown 0.2% (2000 census)
23BeninFrench (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)
24BermudaEnglish (official), Portuguese
25BhutanSharchhopka 28%, Dzongkha (official) 24%, Lhotshamkha 22%, other 26% (2005 Census)
26BoliviaSpanish (official) 60.7%, Quechua (official) 21.2%, Aymara (official) 14.6%, foreign languages 2.4%, other 1.2% (2001 census)
27Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian (official), Croatian (official), Serbian
28BotswanaSetswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English (official) 2.1%, other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
29BrazilPortuguese (official and most widely spoken language)
30British Virgin IslandsEnglish (official)
31BruneiMalay (official), English, Chinese
32BulgariaBulgarian (official) 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
33Burkina Faso French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
34BurmaBurmese (official)
35BurundiKirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)
36CambodiaKhmer (official) 95%, French, English
37Cameroon24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
38CanadaEnglish (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% (2006 Census)
39Cape Verde Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)
40Cayman Islands English (official) 95%, Spanish 3.2%, other 1.8% (1999 census)
41Central African Republic French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
42ChadFrench (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
43ChileSpanish (official), Mapudungun, German, English
44ChinaStandard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)
45Christmas Island English (official), Chinese, Malay
46Cocos (Keeling) Islands Malay (Cocos dialect), English
47ColombiaSpanish (official)
48Comoros Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)
49Congo, Democratic Republic of the French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
50Congo, Republic of the French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
51Cook Islands English (official), Maori
52Costa Rica Spanish (official), English
53Cote d'Ivoire French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken
54CroatiaCroatian (official) 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) 2.9% (2001 census)
55CubaSpanish (official)
56CuracaoPapiamentu (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 81.2%, Dutch (official) 8%, Spanish 4%, English 2.9%, other 3.9% (2001 census)
57CyprusGreek (official), Turkish (official), English
58Czech Republic Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8% (2001 census)
59DenmarkDanish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)
60DhekeliaEnglish, Greek
61DjiboutiFrench (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
62DominicaEnglish (official), French patois
63Dominican Republic Spanish (official)
64EcuadorSpanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)
65EgyptArabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
66El Salvador Spanish (official), Nahua (among some Amerindians)
67Equatorial GuineaSpanish (official) 67.6%, other (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) 32.4% (1994 census)
68EritreaTigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages
69EstoniaEstonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census)
70EthiopiaAmarigna (Amharic) (official) 32.7%, Oromigna (official regional) 31.6%, Tigrigna (official regional) 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%, English (official) (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (official) (1994 census)
71European Union Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Gaelic, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish
72Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) English
73Faroe Islands Faroese (derived from Old Norse), Danish
74FijiEnglish (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani
75FinlandFinnish (official) 91.2%, Swedish (official) 5.5%, other (small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities) 3.3% (2007)
76FranceFrench (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)
77French Polynesia French (official) 61.1%, Polynesian (official) 31.4%, Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)
78GabonFrench (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
79Gambia, The English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
80Gaza Strip Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
81GeorgiaGeorgian (official) 71%, Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%
82GermanyGerman
83GhanaAsante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other (includes English (official)) 36.1% (2000 census)
84GibraltarEnglish (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
85GreeceGreek (official) 99%, other (includes English and French) 1%
86GreenlandGreenlandic (East Inuit) (official), Danish (official), English
87GrenadaEnglish (official), French patois
88GuamEnglish 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)
89GuatemalaSpanish (official) 60%, Amerindian languages 40%
90GuernseyEnglish, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
91GuineaFrench (official)
92Guinea-Bissau Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages
93GuyanaEnglish, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
94HaitiFrench (official), Creole (official)
95Holy See (Vatican City) Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
96HondurasSpanish (official), Amerindian dialects
97Hong Kong Cantonese (official) 90.8%, English (official) 2.8%, Putonghua (Mandarin) 0.9%, other Chinese dialects 4.4%, other 1.1% (2006 census)
98HungaryHungarian 93.6%, other or unspecified 6.4% (2001 census)
99IcelandIcelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
100IndiaHindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
101IndonesiaBahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese)
102IranPersian and Persian dialects (official) 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
103IraqArabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian
104IrelandEnglish (official,the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken mainly in areas along the western coast
105Isle of Man English, Manx Gaelic (about 2% of the population has some knowledge)
106IsraelHebrew (official), Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)
107ItalyItalian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
108JamaicaEnglish, English patois
109JapanJapanese
110JerseyEnglish 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
111JordanArabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)
112KazakhstanKazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95% (2001 est.)
113KenyaEnglish (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
114KiribatiI-Kiribati, English (official)
115Korea, North Korean
116Korea, SouthKorean, English (widely taught in junior high and high school)
117KosovoAlbanian (official), Serbian (official), Bosnian, Turkish, Roma
118KuwaitArabic (official), English widely spoken
119KyrgyzstanKyrgyz (official) 64.7%, Uzbek 13.6%, Russian (official) 12.5%, Dungun 1%, other 8.2% (1999 census)
120LaosLao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
121LatviaLatvian (official) 58.2%, Russian 37.5%, Lithuanian and other 4.3% (2000 census)
122LebanonArabic (official), French, English, Armenian
123LesothoSesotho (official) (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa
124LiberiaEnglish 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages few of which can be written or used in correspondence
125LibyaArabic (official), Italian, English
126LiechtensteinGerman (official), Alemannic dialect
127LithuaniaLithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other and unspecified 4.4% (2001 census)
128LuxembourgLuxembourgish (national language), German (administrative language), French (administrative language)
129MacauCantonese 85.7%, Hokkien 4%, Mandarin 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 2.7%, English 1.5%, Tagalog 1.3%, other 1.6%
130MacedoniaMacedonian (official) 66.5%, Albanian (official) 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)
131MadagascarFrench (official), Malagasy (official), English
132MalawiChichewa (official) 57.2%, Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)
133MalaysiaBahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
134MaldivesDhivehi (official, dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English (spoken by most government officials)
135MaliFrench (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
136MaltaMaltese (official) 90.2%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.8% (2005 census)
137Marshall Islands Marshallese (official) 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census)
138MauritaniaArabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French, Hassaniya
139MauritiusCreole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census)
140MexicoSpanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
141Micronesia, Federated States of English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
142MoldovaMoldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
143MonacoFrench (official), English, Italian, Monegasque
144MongoliaKhalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian (1999)
145MontenegroSerbian 63.6%, Montenegrin (official) 22%, Bosnian 5.5%, Albanian 5.3%, unspecified 3.7% (2003 census)
146MontserratEnglish
147MoroccoArabic (official), Berber dialects, French (often the language of business, government, and diplomacy)
148MozambiqueEmakhuwa 25.3%, Portuguese (official) 10.7%, Xichangana 10.3%, Cisena 7.5%, Elomwe 7%, Echuwabo 5.1%, other Mozambican languages 30.1%, other 4% (2007 census)
149NamibiaEnglish (official) 7%, Afrikaans (common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population), German 32%, indigenous languages (includes Oshivambo, Herero, Nama) 1%
150NauruNauruan (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English (widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes)
151NepalNepali (official) 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)
152NetherlandsDutch (official), Frisian (official)
153New Caledonia French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
154New Zealand English (official) 91.2%, Maori (official) 3.9%, Samoan 2.1%, French 1.3%, Hindi 1.1%, Yue 1.1%, Northern Chinese 1%, other 12.9%, New Zealand Sign Language (official)
155NicaraguaSpanish (official) 97.5%, Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8% (1995 census)
156NigerFrench (official), Hausa, Djerma
157NigeriaEnglish (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages
158NiueEnglish (official), Niuean (a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan)
159Norfolk Island English (official), Norfolk (a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian)
160Northern Mariana Islands Philippine languages 24.4%, Chinese 23.4%, Chamorro 22.4%, English 10.8%, other Pacific island languages 9.5%, other 9.6% (2000 census)
161NorwayBokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
162OmanArabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
163PakistanPunjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
164PalauPalauan (official on most islands) 64.7%, Filipino 13.5%, English 9.4%, Chinese 5.7%, Carolinian 1.5%, Japanese 1.5%, other Asian 2.3%, other languages 1.5% (2000 census)
165PanamaSpanish (official), English 14%
166Papua New Guinea Tok Pisin (official), English (official), Hiri Motu (official), some 860 indigenous languages spoken (over one-tenth of the world's total)
167ParaguaySpanish (official), Guarani (official)
168PeruSpanish (official) 84.1%, Quechua (official) 13%, Aymara 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%, other 0.2% (2007 Census)
169PhilippinesFilipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
170Pitcairn Islands English (official), Pitkern (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)
171PolandPolish (official) 97.8%, other and unspecified 2.2% (2002 census)
172PortugalPortuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
173Puerto Rico Spanish, English
174QatarArabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
175RomaniaRomanian (official) 91%, Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%
176RussiaRussian (official), many minority languages
177RwandaKinyarwanda (official, universal Bantu vernacular), French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili, used in commercial centers)
178Saint Barthelemy French (primary), English
179Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha English
180Saint Kitts and Nevis English (official)
181Saint Lucia English (official), French patois
182Saint Martin French (official), English, Dutch, French Patois, Spanish, Papiamento (dialect of Netherlands Antilles)
183Saint Pierre and Miquelon French (official)
184Saint Vincent and the Grenadines English, French patois
185SamoaSamoan (Polynesian) (official), English
186San Marino Italian
187Sao Tome and Principe Portuguese (official)
188Saudi Arabia Arabic (official)
189SenegalFrench (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
190SerbiaSerbian (official) 88.3%, Hungarian 3.8%, Bosniak 1.8%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 4.1%, unknown 0.9% (2002 census)
191SeychellesCreole 91.8%, English (official) 4.9%, other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2002 census)
192Sierra Leone English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
193SingaporeMandarin (official) 35%, English (official) 23%, Malay (official) 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil (official) 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)
194Sint Maarten English (official) 67.5%, Spanish 12.9%, Creole 8.2%, Dutch (official) 4.2%, Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 2.2%, French 1.5%, other 3.5% (2001 census)
195SlovakiaSlovak (official) 83.9%, Hungarian 10.7%, Roma 1.8%, Ukrainian 1%, other or unspecified 2.6% (2001 census)
196SloveniaSlovenian (official) 91.1%, Serbo-Croatian 4.5%, other or unspecified 4.4%, Italian (official, only in municipalities where Italian national communities reside, Hungarian (official, only in municipalities where Hungarian national communities reside (2002 census)
197Solomon Islands Melanesian pidgin (in much of the country is lingua franca), English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population), 120 indigenous languages
198SomaliaSomali (official), Arabic, Italian, English
199South Africa IsiZulu (official) 23.8%, IsiXhosa (official) 17.6%, Afrikaans (official) 13.3%, Sepedi (offcial) 9.4%, English (official) 8.2%, Setswana (official) 8.2%, Sesotho (official) 7.9%, Xitsonga (official) 4.4%, other 7.2%, isiNdebele (official), Tshivenda (official), siSwati (official) (2001 census)
200South Sudan English (official), Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants) (official), regional languages include Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk
201SpainCastilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, and Basque 2% (official regionally)
202Sri Lanka Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
203SudanArabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
204SurinameDutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
205SvalbardNorwegian, Russian
206SwazilandEnglish (official, used for government business), siSwati (official)
207SwedenSwedish (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
208SwitzerlandGerman (official) 63.7%, French (official) 20.4%, Italian (official) 6.5%, Serbo-Croatian 1.5%, Albanian 1.3%, Portuguese 1.2%, Spanish 1.1%, English 1%, Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 2.8% (2000 census)
209SyriaArabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood); French, English (somewhat understood)
210TaiwanMandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
211TajikistanTajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
212TanzaniaKiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
213ThailandThai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
214Timor-Leste Tetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, English
215TogoFrench (official, the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)
216TokelauTokelauan (a Polynesian language), English
217TongaTongan (official), English (official)
218Trinidad and Tobago English (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, Spanish, Chinese
219TunisiaArabic (official, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)
220TurkeyTurkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
221TurkmenistanTurkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
222Turks and Caicos Islands English (official)
223TuvaluTuvaluan (official), English (official), Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)
224UgandaEnglish (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
225UkraineUkrainian (official) 67%, Russian 24%, other (includes small Romanian-, Polish-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 9%
226United Arab Emirates Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
227United KingdomEnglish
228United States English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)
229UruguaySpanish (official), Portunol, Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)
230UzbekistanUzbek (official) 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%
231Vanuatulocal languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English (official) 1.9%, French (official) 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7% (1999 Census)
232VenezuelaSpanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects
233VietnamVietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
234Virgin IslandsEnglish 74.7%, Spanish or Spanish Creole 16.8%, French or French Creole 6.6%, other 1.9% (2000 census)
235Wallis and Futuna Wallisian (indigenous Polynesian language) 58.9%, Futunian 30.1%, French (official) 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)
236West Bank Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
237Western Sahara Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
238WorldMandarin Chinese 12.44%, Spanish 4.85%, English 4.83%, Arabic 3.25%, Hindi 2.68%, Bengali 2.66%, Portuguese 2.62%, Russian 2.12%, Japanese 1.8%, Standard German 1.33%, Javanese 1.25% (2009 est.)
239YemenArabic (official)
240ZambiaBemba (official) 30.1%, Nyanja (official) 10.7%, Tonga (official) 10.6%, Lozi (official) 5.7%, Chewa 4.9%, Nsenga 3.4%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda (official) 2.2%, Kaonde (official) 2%, Lala 2%, Luvale (official) 1.7%, English (official) 1.7%, other 22.5% (2000 Census)
241ZimbabweEnglish (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects